History of Therma

The first written reference to Therma - that we know - is that of P. Belon, a French physician and naturalist who came to Limnos in 1546.

Belon then noticed that the island is a source of hot baths, which in common language the Greeks call Thermi and the water is not as hot as other springs.

You can dive in immediately in the bath which does not happen in other baths. Also, there is no large structure but only a tiny little room where everyone can disrobe and then pass into another vaulted room. There is only one large bath of polished stone, which was used as an old sarcophagus. The provision of this source is not great, one – two people at a time can bathe.

Nearly two centuries later, in 1739, a brief report of Therma was made by R. Pococke, an English lawyer and clergyman, and also the French aristocrat Choisseul - Gouffier visited Therma in the spring of 1785, insisting mainly on the composition of the water. The English botanist and physician J. Sibthorp noted in his diary that he visited the region of Therma 21 and 22 of September, 1794. It seems that nothing surprised him at the baths. He made no comment. English P. Hunt came to Limnos in the late 18th century. He noted that four miles away from Castle (current Myrina), we passed a Greek village named Horus (present village Kornos), where a hot spring, which is still called Therma.

On it, the great Hassan, the Kapoudan Pasha, built a bathroom and a cozy inn or guesthouse for visitors who frequently visited for the hypothetical thermal properties. When we arrived, several people used to bathe. The process is similar to what is used in the Turkish bath, in the beginning sweating is caused, then with strong fibers rubbing glove, open the pores and loose joints. The water tasted very warm and soft, metallic impurity but was not noticeable.

In the mid 19th century, in 1858, the German archaeologist A. Conze, noted we got to the thermal baths of Limnos, in the foothills of Mount Elias, with crumbling facilities for guests to bathe and drink this water because it is said to heal rheumatism and skin diseases.

The cleric H. Tozer in 1889, did not fail to visit the spring: we reached the valley with its thermal baths, which are visited frequently for its healing properties. The building that houses a closed structure with a central courtyard covered with tiles and an open roof. In the four corners of the building there are rooms used by visitors and opposite the entrance are two bath rooms with marble baths . Tozer seems to assess the effectiveness of Thermes water: The bathrooms are adequate, especially for rheumatism and skin diseases. Sick people also drink water, because it has the capacity to whet the appetite.

Even say that if we drink, we want to keep drinking more and more. When I visited, there were no bathers. In summer, however, they said, many gathered, and those who can not be accommodated here, were staying at some terrible facilities, near the baths. The French geologist de Launay, who visited Lemnos in 1894, preserves an interesting bit of information: According to legend, there (in Therma) went Hephaestus, in the old days, to heal his injuries, after his fall from the sky. Small facilities are now used by men and women in different days, as is done in all Turkish baths. When is the day of women it is fun to see them arrive, on the white donkeys ridden by the mule drivers, Turkish women are ladies, with clothes reminiscent of the medieval noble chatelaine over to quiet their mares. Why wear a long, wavy robe and the white on the hood that frames the face overlaying only their mouths, are tied around the forehead, like a diadem, a green or red tape.

There is no guarantee that the H. Hauttecoeur, a Belgian geologist who lived in the passage from the 19th to the 20th century, actually came to Limnos. He knew however that the hot springs of Linza (another name for Therma) famous for the healing properties of the water. And how in the building that includes a closed structure around a central courtyard covered with marble slabs and some have made quite comfortable, rooms for bathers. The German archaeologist and philologist C. Fredrich came to Limnos in the spring of 1904. He noted that by Therma the road was pretty good, preserved a moderate road, where the only moving vehicle in the Thracian islands, a sort of landau carrying people to the thermal baths. We approached the little houses of Thermi (Linza). I did not bath, because I arrived at the time that was used by women.

This text was based on the book of B. Tourptsoglou - Stefanidou, travel and geography texts of the island of Lemnos (15th - 20th century), adopted in Thessaloniki in 1986.

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